“I am getting old,” says Marcos Choque

Bolivia’s Indians feel the heat

Canada Goose sale “When I was young, the snow often came down as far as there,” he says, pointing to the hills. “But in the past few years, the snow line has risen 500m. It’s getting hotter, which is melting the canada goose discount uk mountain.” Canada Goose sale

canada goose coats on canada goose outlet phone number sale Mr Choque and the 40 families that make up his community have been watching Illimani with increasing canada goose outlet reviews alarm. They depend on it for part of their water canada goose outlet woodbury supply both to drink and canada goose outlet store near me to irrigate their small, terraced parcels of land. canada goose coats on sale

“We calculate that there will be no snow or ice left on Illimani in the next 30 or 40 years. It will be black, or what we call peeled of its whiteness,” he says.

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cheap Canada Goose The glaciers on Illimani are estimated to have been there for thousands of years. Its white peaks tower over the nearby canada goose outlet houston city of La Paz, Bolivia’s administrative capital. cheap Canada Goose

canada goose Many of La Paz’s residents swear the snow line is canada goose outlet sale gradually creeping upwards. canada goose

Canada Goose canada goose outlet kokemuksia Parka Some were shocked when a newspaper recently published a https://www.topcanadagoose.ca photo of what Illimani could look like in 2039 with no sign of any whiteness on top. Canada Goose Parka

Canada Goose online Hydrologists from La Paz are planning to measure the glacial loss of the mountain. They already know that the nearby glacier of Mururata has lost more than 20% of its surface area since 1956 due to higher temperatures, canada goose jacket outlet toronto and probably a greater percentage of its volume. Canada Goose online

buy canada goose jacket cheap Earlier this year, the Paris based Development Research Institute (IRD) estimated that the glaciers in the Cordillera Real mountain range in Bolivia, of which Illimani forms a part, had lost more than 40% of their volume between 1975 and Canada Goose Outlet 2006. buy canada goose jacket cheap

canada goose deals The IRD said that the volume had remained pretty constant until 1975, but had diminished quickly since then. canada canada goose outlet nyc goose deals

canada goose clearance sale Every September, they carry out a ritual, involving offerings called Waxt’a in canada goose outlet ottawa Aymara. This includes the sacrifice of a llama and other offerings like coca leaves, alcohol and cigarettes to Illimani. canada goose clearance sale

canada goose coats They go through the elaborate ceremony so that, in their words, “Illimani gives them canada goose outlet uk sale water through the year”. canada goose coats

Canada Goose Outlet The villagers think that the snow and ice from Illimani accounts for up to half of their annual water supply, although they are not sure. Canada Goose Outlet

canada goose store Bolivian scientists are trying to answer the crucial question of just how much of the water comes from glacial melt at different times of the year. Precipitation and underground aquifers provide the rest. canada goose store

The more immediate concern of the villagers is the changing climate. They say there is no longer any predictability about when the rains canada goose jacket outlet sale come, compared to the past. And they are sure that there is less rain, and that the weather is getting hotter.

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“Our weather is coming up from where it used to be further down,” says Severino canada goose jacket outlet uk Cortez, a community leader, pointing down the mountain from Khapi, which is 3,600m high.

Not everything is bad news. “I am getting old,” says Marcos Choque.

“I am not going to see canada goose outlet online uk Illimani melting away completely, but the young will.”

Canada Goose Jackets Lucia Quispe, canada goose outlet germany a 38 year old mother of three, wonders where the water will come from to irrigate her plot of land, where she grows potatoes, maize and beans. Canada Goose Jackets

buy canada goose jacket “I am sad and very worried when I think about the future of my children,” she says. “If we don’t have water, how will we live? Water is life.” buy canada goose jacket

canada goose black friday sale Non governmental canada goose factory outlet toronto location organisations working with Khapi and other nearby communities high up in the Andes say it is particularly unjust that Aymara villagers will suffer the fall out from global warming when they are amongst the least responsible for it. canada goose black friday sale

Some of the communities are active members of a new civilian pressure group formed this year, called the Platform of goose outlet canada Civil Society against Climate Change.

One of the Platform’s demands is for the formation of an international tribunal on climate justice, canada goose outlet edmonton and for an international compensation fund for victims of climate change.